Easily generate properly formatted citations in MLA, APA & Chicago formats for your bibliography or references list.
Anatomy of a Citation
In the following PubMed citation, it’s sometimes difficult to tell what’s what.
Sheftell F, Steiner TJ, Thomas H.
Harry Potter and the curse of headache.
Headache. 2007 Jun;47(6):911-6.
PMID: 17578544 DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2007.00665.x
Here’s a quick guide to the anatomy of a PubMed/Medline citation :
Authors = Sheftell F, Steiner TJ, Thomas H.
Article Title = Harry Potter and the curse of headache.
Journal Title Abbreviation = Headache (short for Headache)
Year/date of publication = 2007 Jun
Volume(Issue) : Pages = 47(6):911-6.
Volume = 47
Issue = 6
Page Numbers = 911-916
PubMed Identifier = PMID: 17578544
Digital Object Identifier = DOI = 10.1111/j.1526-4610.2007.00665.x
The PubMed ID is the magic key when trying to find full-text.
The PubMed Identifier, or PMID, is like a social security number for each and every article listed in Medline, or PubMed. No other citation has the same PMID. This makes the PMID Number a very useful tool in finding the article again. It’s also a very useful tool for finding the full-text or ordering it from another library.
The Digital Object Identifier is persistent and strives to always arrive at some version of the document wherever it moves around the web.
Library staff should be able to sort out the specifics. Although we can often verify incomplete citations, it is helpful to give us as much citation info as possible when requesting articles.
About the 5-Year Rule ...
Please Note: These lists act as a directory of what we can access and where. They do NOT search the full-text of all our resources.
Need more in depth citation info.? Try one of the following citation style manuals in print :